Since its beginnings in 1988, the CTC has received foundational funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC). Funding has typically been provided by the NHMRC in five year blocks. The most recent funding provided by the NHMRC is for the period 2017-2021. The CTC receives funding and support from other government agencies at federal and state levels, including peer reviewed grants for projects and infrastructure from Cancer Australia. It also undertakes health technology assessment services for the federal government’s Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC).